Ginseng - All about the effect, side effects, ingredients & more
Ginseng – a medicinal herb that was used in traditional Chinese and Korean medicine thousands of years ago and still enjoys great popularity today
Panax ginseng (red ginseng) has a long list of benefits and has been finding its way to Europe since the 17th century. Today the medicinal herb is considered an official medicinal product due to its scientifically proven effects and is freely available.
In this article we will give you a complete overview. So: What can red ginseng do?
What is ginseng?
Ginseng is the name for a plant that grows mainly in Korea, China and Siberia. The outer bark of the root and in some cases the ginseng berries are used for medicinal purposes, although it has been found that most of the active ingredients are found in the outer bark of the root.
Interestingly enough, the plant is now also cultivated in America.
In the Asian region around China and Korea, Panax ginseng enjoys an excellent reputation and is considered a symbol of health, strength and life. At times the value was so high that the extract and the roots were even more valuable than gold.
Ginseng is a medicinal herb that comes from Asia and has a great value in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). It is recognized as a medicine and its mode of action is scientifically proven.
Why take ginseng? - all advantages at a glance
Die Liste der Vorteile ist lang – und das macht den Ginseng zu einer sehr interessanten Heilpflanze. Doch was genau bewirkt sie eigentlich?
Ginseng helps with physical imbalance
According to TCM, a physical imbalance is the origin of every disease. Tensions, overstrain, disproportion and much more cause this imbalance.
Ginseng, also called red ginseng, is considered an adaptogen, which means that it does not directly heal a disease, but should enable the body to act against the disease itself - help for self-help.
This "help for self-help" results from three main effects: Anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and blood pressure lowering. Thanks to these properties, the body itself should be able to initiate a healing process and strengthen its own immune system.
Furthermore, the medicinal herb achieves a different benefit for each person, which is proven by the different subtypes of ginsenosides (main ingredients of ginseng). Ginsenosides belong to the saponins. Among the approximately 100 ginsenosides that have been researched, there are two that are found in one and the same plant, but according to current research, they work in opposite directions. The ginsenoside Rg1 increases blood pressure and stimulates the circulation. Ginsenoside Rb2, on the other hand, lowers blood pressure and has a calming effect on the circulation.
How exactly the red ginseng affects you depends to a large extent on the direction in which the imbalance of your body swings out and what support you need at that very moment. Not only the different effects of the ginsenosides are responsible for this, but also the fact that these ginsenosides bind themselves unspecifically to the receptors of the body and always need a second stimulus through a messenger substance of the body to finally achieve the effect.
As our organism is very complex, this property of ginseng is probably one of the most important of all to provide you better health in the short and long term.
Ginseng slows down the aging process and accelerates the regeneration process
Panax ginseng is a powerful antioxidant that works against free radicals. These get into our body through stress, environmental toxins, bad food and with hostile bacteria. The more antioxidants we have, the better we are protected against the radicals, which in turn means that we age more slowly and our body processes, including regeneration, function more effectively.
Ginseng (red ginseng) increases and decreases blood flow (protection of the heart)
The ginsenosides Rg3, Rb1 together with corresponding physical messenger substances have an influence on the calcium and potassium ion channels (transition between neurons), which leads to the widening of blood vessels and relaxation of the muscles. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/p... style="font-weight: 400;"> (1)
This relaxation and simultaneous dilatation of the vessels has the consequence that the blood pressure is lowered and thus the feeling of stress. If the heartbeat is at a low frequency during this time, the heart muscles are also relaxed.
Ginseng can increase potency
Studies have shown that ginsenosides (which belong to the saponin family) can increase libido in both men and women. However, this is not related to an influence on sex hormone production, but rather to increased blood flow to the genitals. Men also benefit from a harder erection due to better blood circulation and the dilation of the vessels..
Ginseng can reduce stress levels
This is due to the ginsenosides RC and Rf, which bind to the receptors of GABA and glycine and activate their production. Both hormones have a calming effect and reduce neuronal excitation. In this way, anxiety states and mental tension are reduced..
In connection with this, the reduction of NMDA hormone production in the body, which is responsible for the feeling of fear, is particularly helpful.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/p... style="font-weight: 400;"> (8)
This interaction shows quite clearly how red ginseng acts as an adaptogen, allowing the body to better carry out its own processes to heal itself.
Can ginseng increase brain activity and thus facilitate learning?
Another ingredient that was found a few years ago is responsible for better learning performance: gintonin. Gintonin has the ability to improve the signal transmission of the nerve cells. This process is essential for learning because synapses connect in this way.
A study in mice even found that the hippocampus (learning region of the brain) was stimulated by Gintonin and that nerve growth increased.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/p... style="font-weight: 400;"> (9)
The ginseng root can help lower blood sugar levels
In a further study it was shown that the intake of ginseng has a positive effect on the blood sugar level by drawing glucose from the blood via the messenger substance GLUT4 and transporting it into the muscle cells. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/p... style="font-weight: 400;"> (10)
This explains, among other things, why ginseng has a calming and energizing effect at the same time, because it keeps our energy level constant.
Reading tip: Blood sugar too high? 11 tips in our guide
Can ginseng increase fertility?
Not only the libido, but also the quality of the sperm can improve with the help of ginseng. One study found that in men with a diagnosed sperm deficiency, both the number and motility of the sperm improved when ginseng was administered.
How serious the problem of infertility may be is still unclear today. It is a fact that in any case a basic sperm production must be present and that ginseng can only improve its quality.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/p... style="font-weight: 400;"> (11)
Ginseng has shown in various studies that it can help in the following areas:
- Physical imbalance
- Slowing down the aging process
- Lower blood pressure / Increased blood pressure
- Increase of potency
- Reduction of the stress level
- Reduction of the blood sugar level
- Brings peace to the mind
- Beneficial for the libido
What are the main ingredients of ginseng?
In the course of this text it has already become clear that two ingredients are responsible for the incredibly versatile and powerful effects. These are the ginsenosides and the gintonin. However, there are up to 100 different forms of ginsenosides, all of which have the property of binding non-specifically to our receptors and always react with the body's own messenger substance. This makes them so flexible and helpful in giving our body exactly what it needs.
Depending on which ginsenoside docks to which receptor, different effects are induced.
Gintonin, however, acts very specifically on the neurons and can result in improved signal transmission between the channels of the neurons. More alertness, better cognitive performance and a more intact interplay of body functions are the result.
However, Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng) provides other ingredients such as essential oil, minerals and vitamins. However, the essential oil is most likely to be associated with the healing effect on tumour cells. In addition, it is said to improve blood flow and thus reduce the risk of arteriosclerosis, heart attack and stroke.
A number of essential trace elements amount to
- Vitamine C
- B Vitamins
What should you look out for when buying ginseng?
Not every ginseng is the same. Not every place of origin delivers the same quality and not every producer is reputable. You also need the highest possible proportion of ginsenosides for maximum effect. So always check the following criteria before you order your product.
High proportion of ginsenosides
For best results, your ginseng should contain a minimum of 1.5-2% ginsenosides - preferably even more.
A distinction is made between Chinese, Korean and Siberian ginseng. There is also the Japanese form. In many studies, Korean ginseng has proven to be the most effective and should therefore be preferred. Siberian ginseng is also completely free of ginsenosides and therefore not a good choice!
Capsule or whole root
Korean ginseng is usually taken in capsule form because it is easiest to take and you are using the highly effective extract. The roots, on the other hand, must be processed into a tincture or tea by pouring hot water over them. This reduces the effectiveness by a few percent
We always recommend the capsule and extract form to experience the maximum effect!
Ginseng Powder - absolute purity
Avoid mixed products (ginseng is strong enough in itself) and always make sure that no cheap fillers are used. The ginseng should be of organic quality and come from a reputable manufacturer. The manufacturer can guarantee that the pharmaceutical guidelines are adhered to..
White or red ginseng does not matter
The difference between red and white ginseng is that in the red form a steam method was used for longer shelf life. As a result, some ingredients are less present, but others are more digestible for the body.
Tip: It is said that red ginseng is stronger in diseases, while white ginseng acts better as a stimulant.
When buying ginseng, look for:
- The proportion of ginsenoids
- The origin
- Buy capsules
Our ginseng of the highest quality and highest effectiveness
When selecting our ginseng product, we have paid attention to maximum quality. The producer is German, which means that the German pharmaceutical guidelines are adhered to. In addition, it is pure extract of the Korean ginseng root bark with a ginsenoside content of a whopping 8% - that is almost 4 times as much as the German and Swiss legal minimum.
Our ginseng extract provides:
- Best value for money
- 8% ginsenosides
- German production quality
- Compliance with German requirements for food supplements
We deliver your ginseng extract quickly and well packed within 2-3 days!
Ginseng is a real all-rounder and has a whole range of advantages for many people. We hope that this info article could help you.
We wish you much fun and more energy with our ginseng extract!
We have awakened your interest in ginseng? You feel like trying it out for yourself? Then click here to buy ginseng!
Below we answer the most frequently asked questions about ginseng as a food supplement. If your question does not appear, please send us an e-mail. We will answer it immediately and will gladly include your question in the Ginseng FAQ.
Studies used in this text
- Li Z, Chen X, Niwa Y, Sakamoto S, Nakaya Y. Involvement of Ca2+ -activated K+ channels in ginsenosides-induced aortic relaxation in rats. Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology. 2001 Jan;37(1):41-7. PubMed PMID: 11152372.
- Jeon BH, Kim CS, Kim HS, Park JB, Nam KY, Chang SJ. Effect of Korean red ginseng on blood pressure and nitric oxide production. Acta pharmacologica Sinica. 2000 Dec;21(12):1095-100. PubMed PMID: 11603282.
- Kim HJ, Woo DS, Lee G, Kim JJ. The relaxation effects of ginseng saponin in rabbit corporal smooth muscle: is it a nitric oxide donor? British journal of urology. 1998 Nov;82(5):744-8. PubMed PMID: 9839593.
- 60. Jang DJ, Lee MS, Shin BC, Lee YC, Ernst E. Red ginseng for treating erectile dysfunction: a systematic review. British journal of clinical pharmacology. 2008 Oct;66(4):444-50. PubMed PMID: 18754850. Pubmed Central PMCID: 2561113.
- 61. Choi YD, Park CW, Jang J, Kim SH, Jeon HY, Kim WG, et al. Effects of Korean ginseng berry extract on sexual function in men with erectile dysfunction: a multicenter, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical study. International journal of impotence research. 2013 Mar-Apr;25(2):45-50. PubMed PMID: 23254461.
- Choi SE, Choi S, Lee JH, Whiting PJ, Lee SM, Nah SY. Effects of ginsenosides on GABA(A) receptor channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Archives of pharmacal research. 2003 Jan;26(1):28-33. PubMed PMID: 12568354.
- Noh JH, Choi S, Lee JH, Betz H, Kim JI, Park CS, et al. Effects of ginsenosides on glycine receptor alpha1 channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Molecules and cells. 2003 Feb 28;15(1):34-9. PubMed PMID: 12661758.
- Kim JH, Cho SY, Lee JH, Jeong SM, Yoon IS, Lee BH, et al. Neuroprotective effects of ginsenoside Rg3 against homocysteine-induced excitotoxicity in rat hippocampus. Brain research. 2007 Mar 9;1136(1):190-9. PubMed PMID: 17239831.
- Kim HJ, Shin EJ, Lee BH, Choi SH, Jung SW, Cho IH, et al. Oral Administration of Gintonin Attenuates Cholinergic Impairments by Scopolamine, Amyloid-beta Protein, and Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease. Molecules and cells. 2015 Sep;38(9):796-805. PubMed PMID: 26255830. Pubmed Central PMCID: 4588723.
- Lee HJ, Lee YH, Park SK, Kang ES, Kim HJ, Lee YC, et al. Korean red ginseng (Panax ginseng) improves insulin sensitivity and attenuates the development of diabetes in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty rats. Metabolism: clinical and experimental. 2009 Aug;58(8):1170-7. PubMed PMID: 19477471.
- Salvati G, Genovesi G, Marcellini L, Paolini P, De Nuccio I, Pepe M, et al. Effects of Panax Ginseng C.A. Meyer saponins on male fertility. Panminerva medica. 1996 Dec;38(4):249-54. PubMed PMID: 9063034.